10 Nov 2018, 18:46

pkgsrc: Upgrading, Part 1

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I found this text in my post drafts, where it had been sitting for a bit. Consider this the first part of a series on keeping pkgsrc up to date.

If you have not upgraded the packages in your pkgsrc installation in a while, you might be so far behind on updates that most or all your packages are outdated. Now what?

The easiest way to update you packages in order is to simply use pkg_rolling-replace. Update your pkgsrc tree (either to the latest from cvs, or to a supported quarterly release), then simply run

$ pkg_rolling-replace -uv

This will rebuild the required set of packages, in the right order. This takes a while, as the rebuild is from source, and is somewhat likely to break in the middle. When the compilation of a package fails, the tool just stops and leaves you with an inconsistent (and in the worst case, non-working) set of packages. Good luck fixing things. Making a backup of your /usr/pkg and /var/db/pkg* directories before you start is a good idea.